The origin of the Dominican peso dates back to 1844, when it replaced the Haitian gourde and was divided into 8 reales. Later on, in 1877, it was divided into 100 centavos.
The origin of the Dominican peso dates back to 1844, when it replaced the Haitian gourde, and was divided into 8 reales. Later on, in 1877, it was divided into 100 centavos.
Between 1891 and 1897 a second Dominican currency was issued, the franco, but it never got to replace the Dominican peso. However, in 1905 the US dollar did replace the Dominican peso on a rate of 5 pesos to one dollar.
On 21 February 1937 the Law n. 1259 was passed, which gave birth to the national currency, and which contained a series of regulations to ensure that Dominican coins and banknotes of all denominations were issued in reference to American currency. This monetary model was in force until 1975.
Discover the complete history of the Dominican peso coins.
Thefirst issued national banknotes were the denominations of RD$1, RD$5 and RD$10, which were designed by the American Bank Note Company in 1947, similar to US dollars in size and features.
Apart from these issues of banknotes, the Council of State ordered the minting of fractional notes or “paper coins” in denominations of 50, 25 and 10 centavos. The first issue of these fractional notes was printed at the Central Bank of the Dominican Republic in December 1961, the only occasion in which banknotes were printed in the country. The second issue of these fractional notes was printed in 1962 at the American Bank Note Company’s printing facilities in the US.
Check the complete history of the Dominican peso banknotes at the web page of the Central Bank of the Dominican Republic.
Nowadays these banknotes are made of cotton and there are 20, 50, 100, 200, 500, 1,000 and 2,000 Dominican peso banknotes in circulation.
Regardingcoinsafter the declaration of Independence of 1844, the first coins appeared in the denomination of a quarter of a real, minted at the Scoville Manufacturing Company in the US. These coins were popularly called «cuartillos».
In the year 1848 the circulation of 5, 10 and 25 US cent coins was authorized, equaled to half a real, one real and a “strong peseta”, which were circulated together with 1, 2 and 20 peso notes.
From 1877 to 1888 the “motas” and “níqueles”, appeared, coins of 5, 2½ and ¼ centavos, which are considered to be some of the most interesting Dominican coins. Towards the end of the 19th century the “clavao” coins came along, but these were rejected by the population because their face value was lower than their intrinsic value.
Before the creation of the Central Bank and during the first American intervention, monetary circulation consisted of gold coins and banknotes of the US and other countries, the remains of some fiat coins from the previous century, factory tokens and municipally issued notes, a situation which continued until the beginning of the government of Rafael L. Trujillo Molina.
Check the complete history of the Dominican peso coins at the web page of the Central Bank of the Dominican Republic.
Currently there are 1, 5, 10 and 25 Dominican peso coins in circulation.
Date of issue:
Central Bank of the Dominican Republic
|Global Exchange||Your high-street bank|
|Variety of currencies||We have more than 25 currencies. We are specialists.||Only major currencies. Travel money is just a secondary business for banks.|
|Availability of currencies||Immediate availability of currencies in our branches. Click and collect or walk in to our stores.||If they can actually get your exotic currency, prepare for a couple of visits to your bank before you can have the money on your hands.|
|Expenses||If you book online, you save 15% on the exchange margin and pay at the airport the collection day.||The bank sets its own margin plus a commission.|
|Different denominations available||At Global Exchange, you’ll get a variety of banknotes with different values, adapted to all your payment needs.||No. Prepare for refusals and complaints in foreign languages when paying with «big» banknotes.|
|Delivery options||Order online to benefit from a price reduction and collect at the branch of your choice.||You’ll have to go first to your bank to order the currency you need, then wait for it to come and go back again to collect it.|